刘永超,张海涛,应超,李加林.人地复合生态系统韧性研究进展及其对海岸带生态系统韧性研究的启示[J].海洋通报,2024,(3):
人地复合生态系统韧性研究进展及其对海岸带生态系统韧性研究的启示
Review on resilience of human-environment composite ecosystems and its implications for research on the resilience of coastal ecosystems
投稿时间:2023-12-30  修订日期:2024-02-26
DOI:10.11840/j.issn.1001-6392.2024.03.012
中文关键词:  人地复合生态系统  韧性  可持续发展  评估方法  启示
英文关键词:human-environment composite ecosystems  resilience  sustainable development  evaluation method  enlightenment
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(42206236;42276234),宁波市哲学社会科学规划项目(G2023-2-59),自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室开放基金(2023CZEPK04)
作者单位E-mail
刘永超 宁波大学 东海研究院浙江 宁波 315211自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室江苏 南京 210017宁波大学 地理与空间信息技术系浙江 宁波 315211陆海国土空间利用与治理浙江省协同创新中心浙江 宁波 315211 liuyongchao@nbu.edu.cn 
张海涛 宁波大学 地理与空间信息技术系浙江 宁波 315211  
应超 宁波大学 地理与空间信息技术系浙江 宁波 315211  
李加林 宁波大学 东海研究院浙江 宁波 315211自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室江苏 南京 210017宁波大学 地理与空间信息技术系浙江 宁波 315211陆海国土空间利用与治理浙江省协同创新中心浙江 宁波 315211 nbnj2001@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      在全球气候变化与人类高强度开发的双重影响下,人地复合生态系统和受陆海系统交互影响的海岸带地区生态脆弱性更加明显。如何有效把握人地复合生态系统发展动向,合理规划与调控社会经济活动、促进人地关系协调发展一直是可持续发展领域研究的重点课题。韧性作为系统的内在特征,在防范化解灾害风险、维护区域生态安全中发挥着重要作用,是人地复合生态系统可持续发展能力的重要表现。然而,目前关于人地复合生态系统韧性的内涵、评估方法等方面尚未形成统一的范式,韧性的量化评估方法存在较大差异。通过梳理和归纳现有研究成果认为,韧性经历了从工程韧性、生态韧性到演进韧性的转变,其概念及内涵仍在不断拓展与深化;总结对比了基于过程形成性和状态总结性的韧性评估方法发现,将韧性作为过程与结果的综合评估研究仍较为缺乏;在抵抗扰动、维持稳定和协调发展的韧性理念下,生态系统的保护与修复等将是区域可持续发展应用中人地复合生态系统安全的重要保障。根据人地复合生态系统韧性研究进展的分析结果,结合海岸带生态系统韧性研究的现状及不足,认为未来需要在加强海岸带生态系统韧性内涵挖掘、完善海岸带生态系统韧性评价体系、提高海岸带生态系统韧性监测精度、促进学科融合推动海岸带生态系统韧性有效修复实践等方面深入研究。
英文摘要:
      Under the dual influence of global climate change and high-intensity human development, the ecological vulnerability of the man-land composite ecosystem and coastal areas affected by the interaction between land and sea systems has become more obvious. How to effectively grasp the development trend of the man-land composite ecosystem, rationally plan and regulate social and economic activities, and promote the coordinated development of man-land relations has always been a key topic in the field of sustainable development. Resilience, as an inherent characteristic of the system, plays an important role in preventing and resolving disaster risks and maintaining regional ecological security. It is an important manifestation of the sustainable development capabilities of composite ecosystems. However, there is currently no unified paradigm regarding the connotation and assessment methods of resilience of composite ecosystems, and there are large differences in quantitative assessment methods of resilience. By sorting out and summarizing existing research results, it is believed that resilience has experienced a transformation from engineering resilience, ecological resilience to evolutionary resilience, and its concept and connotation are still expanding and deepening; A summary and comparison of resilience assessment methods based on process formativeness and state summativeness found that research on comprehensive assessment of resilience as a process and outcome is still lacking; Under the concept of resilience to resist disturbance, maintain stability and coordinate development, ecosystem protection and restoration will be an important guarantee for the safety of the man-land composite ecosystem in the application of regional sustainable development. According to the analysis results of the research progress on the resilience of human-land composite ecosystems, combined with the current status and deficiencies of coastal ecosystem resilience research, it is believed that in the future it is necessary to strengthen the exploration of the connotation of coastal ecosystem resilience, improve the coastal ecosystem resilience evaluation system, and improve the coastal ecosystem resilience In-depth research will be carried out on the accuracy of resilience monitoring, promoting the integration of disciplines, and promoting the practice of effective restoration of coastal ecosystem resilience.
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